International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)

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International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Notes

IFRS Notes


Lower of cost or market: Example 4

Example 4: When current replacement cost < lower limit
Cost of inventory = $430
Selling price = $500
Costs of completion and disposal = $100
Normal profit margin = 10% of selling price
Current replacement cost = $330

Solution: U.S. GAAP
Current replacement cost = $330
NRV = $500 - $100 = $400
Upper limit = $400
Lower limit = $400 - $500 x 10% = $350
Since current replacement cost is
below the lower limit,
lower limit = market = $350
Lower of cost or market = $350
Cost = $430, Market = $350

Solution: IAS 2
Lower of cost and NRV = $400

Cost = $430, NRV = $400

Lower of cost or market: U.S. GAAP
(1) Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market.
(2) Market = current replacement cost
Upper limit of market = net realizable value (NRV)
Lower limit of market = NRV - normal profit margin
NRV = estimated selling price - costs of completion and disposal

Lower of cost and NRV: IAS 2
(1) Inventories are measured at the lower of cost and net realisable value.

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